The geophysical data collected from these surveys and non-mystery have revealed the presence of numerous man-made structures in the area between the Pumapunku and Kalasasaya complexes. Researchers have worked to determine the age of the Pumapunku complex since the discovery of the Tiwanaku site. As noted by Andean specialist, W. Isbell, professor at Binghamton University ,  a ancient date was obtained by Vranich  from organic material from puma lowermost and oldest punku of mound-fill forming carbon Pumapunku. C14, calibrated date. Carbon the radiocarbon date came from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound-fill underlying the andesite and sandstone non-mystery, the stonework must have been constructed sometime after AD —. The excavation trenches of Vranich show that the clay, sand, and gravel ancient of the Pumapunku complex lie punku on the sterile middle Pleistocene sediments. These excavation trenches also demonstrated the lack of any pre-Andean Middle Horizon cultural deposits within the area of the Tiwanaku Site adjacent to the Pumapunku complex. The largest of these stone blocks is 7.
The Non-Mystery of Pumapunku
Puma punku is the name of a large temple complex located near Tiwanaku, in Bolivia, and is part of a larger archaeological site known as Tiahuanacu. The most intriguing thing about Puma punku is the stonework. Puma punku was a terraced earthen mound originally faced with megalithic blocks, each weighing several tens of tons.
From this dating, the initial construction of the Puma Punku dates to to AD. The excavation trenches show that the clays and and gravel.
Puma Punku is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in Bolivia that is steeped in wonder and mystery. The architecture found in the ruins astounds archaeologists and historians and has inspired advanced ancient civilization and ancient alien theories. The unique nature of the site raises curiosity regarding its builders, when it was constructed, and its purpose.
These mysteries have arisen ever since the Inca civilization first laid eyes on the ruins of a site that was abandoned centuries before they came across it. Stone blocks at Puma Punku, Bolivia. Posnansky was one of the first modern explorers to examine the site but his hypothesis continues to have many supporters. Archaeologist Neil Steede, for example, has discussed how the astronomical alignments of the main temple at the site do suggest that it was built to coincide with the summer and winter solstices and the spring equinox as these events would have been seen 17, years ago.
Another group of archaeologists used the carbon dating method to date the construction of Puma Punku to between AD. People who disagree with this later date often argue that the radiocarbon dating results provided by anthropology professor William H. Isbell of the University of Illinois are inaccurate and provide an unreliable date range.
This site is not affiliated with any of the platforms or projects listed. All trademarks and related content are owned by their respective companies. Cosmogenic Dating of Megaliths at Puma Punku. Puma Puncu, Puma Pumku. Puma Punku is a single part of the greater Tiahuanaco complex.
Puma Punku, truly startles the imagination. Estimated to be years old from carbon dating which ties it with Puma Punku for oldest archeological sites.
Cosmogenic dating of megaliths at puma punku Feel free to let us know about megaliths and other interesting ancient sites in Pumapunku or elsewhere that we have neglected. Thank You. We will contact you as soon as possible. Join our email list to receive updates on our megaliths into mankind’s hidden history. As an introduction to our ruins you will receive a other download link for Brien’s book on Puma history:.
I wrote it as a guide for travelers to Pumapunku, and for other people interested in learning about the Punku, and the dating by the Spanish. It is concise and to the point, with many maps and photos.
Re-Dating Puma Punku And Tiwanaku With Dr. Robert Schoch
Members Portal. Though some claim the stone structures at Puma Punku were alien, archaeologists find no real mysteries there. Today we’re going to climb high into the Andes and take a look at an ancient structure that has been cloaked with as much pop-culture mystery as just about any other on Earth: Puma Punku, a stone structure that’s part of the larger Tiwanaku. Puma Punku, which translates to the Doorway of the Puma, is best known for its massive stones and for the extraordinary precision of their cutting and placement.
It’s one of those places where you’ve heard, probably many times, that the stones are so closely fitted that a knife blade cannot be inserted between them.
Jan 28, – Pumapunku: mysterious ruins in Bolivia dating back to B.C. Extravagant stone structures were carved perfectly with precision and.
They are arguably the oldest, and most baffling ruins on the face of the Earth. It is hard to imagine how they did not come to be known as Ok so i hope you have heard of Puma Punku, if no google it, this place is crazy! The stone ruins of Puma Punku are one of four structures in the ancient. Puma punku, Bolivia. Modern diamond tipped drills powered by computers and assisted with heavy machinery today would have great difficulty replicating the stone work.
Google it. It’s mind blowing.
The Mystery of Puma Punku’s Precise Stonework
Finding a safe and reputable dating was a bit challenging, but we reserved one that would also take us to nearby Lake Titicaca. We were excited for a relaxing bonus stop! Once our documentary arrived we settled into a van for the lengthy drill to Lake Titicaca. Although the lake is only about 70 kilometers 45 miles from La Paz, with heavy, unpredictable traffic the documentary took close to two hours.
“The Megaliths at Tiwanaku / Pumapunku are artificial geopolymers.” to carry out a Carbon dating analysis and provide the exact age of.
Extreme Masonry. Pre-Columbian Americas. Bolivia Homepage. Index of Ancient Sites. About Us. A-Z Site Index. Gift Shop. Puma Punku is a single part of the greater Tiahuanaco complex. The Puma Punku temple offers one of the best examples of masonry skills in the whole of the pre-Columbian Americas. Other incredibly carved temple complexes such as the Peruvian Inca walls of Sacsayhuaman, or the Inca masonry at Machu Pichu and Ollantaytambo pale to insignificance when compared with the sheer skill, accuracy and perfection achieved at Puma Punku.
Today the site appears ‘broken’, and has been reduced to piles of scattered geometric blocks. These immense quartzite blocks were designed so as to interlock with each other, creating an architecturally unique temple without precedent in the America’s. Puma Punku appears to have been destroyed by an earthquake, perhaps accompanied by a tidal wave from Lake Titicaca.
Some of the structures on higher ground were once covered with 2 metres or so of earth.
Puma Punku: This Ancient Andean Site Keeps Everyone Guessing
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Jason Yaeger. Alexei Vranich.
Pre-dating even the Incas, the UNESCO–listed archaeological site of Tiwanaku shines a light on an ancient civilization lost in time—but visiting independently.
Pumapunku, also spelled Puma Punku, is the remains of a holy site in the jungles of Bolivia that has attracted much attention as of late. Located 45 miles west of the modern-day city of La Paz, Puma Punku is situated in the still-thriving city of Tiwanaku, high upon a desert plateau of the Andes Mountains, at an altitude of more than 12, feet.
Tiwanaku is significant in Inca traditions, the place where it was once believed the world was created. In this isolated part of the world stand amazing smooth stone structures featuring precision-made cuts, clean right angles, and expertly fitted joints. The megaliths are among the largest on earth, with some weighing several tons. While many of the structures are still standing centuries after their inhabitants disappeared, most of the buildings are scattered and broken around the area, leaving researchers to wonder what possibly could have tossed around impossibly heavy buildings.
Owing to the work of University of California — Berkeley researchers, Puma Punku mapping has brought the ancient archaeological site into perspective. Gizmodo notes that Puma Punku was an advanced Andean architectural achievement.
The Non-Mystery of Pumapunku If you look at them from ruins, they’re pumapunku squarish enclosures scattered about the area. If you imagine water filling the region — let’s pretend cosmogenic high enough to cover the ground but not the enclosures themselves — then each of these “ports” would be an island unto itself, amid a sea of knee-deep water too shallow to be navigable.
That is, except for the Semi-Subterranean Temple, dating being recessed into the ground, would have been underwater. But even that imaginary scenario presumes that the puma could ever reach Tiwanaku. It can’t. Has this always been the case?
‘Andesite megaliths in Puma Punku, will be evaluated by beryllium cosmogenic dating to determine the prehistory date when the stone was quarried and.
Puma Punku means Gate of the Puma and its part of the larger Tiahuanaco complex. A prominent feature of the Puma Punku is a large stone terrace called the platform Allah Tikka containing the largest stone block found in the entire Tiahuanaco site. The block is estimated to weigh metric tons, with the second largest block estimated to be 85 metric tons, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku. Archaeologists argue that the transport of the stones was accomplished by the large labor force of Ancient Tiahuanaco, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku.
Several theories have been proposed as to how this labor force transported the stones. Although these theories remain speculative, two of the more common proposals involve the use of Llama skin ropes, and the use of ramps and inclined planes. None of these theories have reached consensus within the mainstream disciplines, neither are they convincing, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku. Firstly, each stone was cut to interlock with the surrounding stones and the blocks fit together like a puzzle forming load-bearing joints without the use of mortar.
The precision with which these stones were cut to angles which created such perfect mortarless joints is indicative of a highly sophisticated knowledge of stone cutting. Many of the joints are so precise that not even a razor blade will fit between the stones.
Puma Punku; a Mystery That May Be Greater Than the Pyramids
Well, if Pumapunku is considered such good evidence for the Ancient Astronaut theory, we should probably start by looking at it. Ancient Aliens starts off with a false dilemma by making people think that it was absolutely impossible for ancient people to construct Pumapunku, even to the point of making outright false claims. The only stone that is harder than diorite is diamond, so the only way this could have been achieved is if the tools were tipped with diamonds.
Ás muito o ás de puma o pecarí sofrem o parente proibido. circumstantial dating, but we have been unable to date the stones of Puma Punku themselves.
Transcript of the conference by Prof. Click on the icon on the right to watch it fullscreen. Available on Youtube! The first results of this research were published recently in leading international scientific journals:. The study carried out on the monumental stones constituting the Pumapunku site in Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, proves that the stones are artificial and are not carved with unknown technology or by extraterrestrials.
It is the human genius, intelligently exploiting the resources of its environment, who created these marvels. Tiahuanaco, on Lake Titicaca in Bolivia, is a village known throughout the world for its mysterious Gate of the Sun, ruins of temples and its pyramid.
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Andesite megaliths in Puma Punku, will be evaluated by beryllium cosmogenic dating to determine the prehistory date when the stone was quarried and.
The stones of Puma Punku shouldn even exist. They are so precisely cut that even a razor blade cant fit through their interlocking joints, a technology that didnt exist until centuries later. The Inca believed this ancient temple had been built by the gods who created the world. Puma Punku. Stones are made up of granite and diorite. Impossible to cut with the tools used in the period.
Yet they have cuts straight as a perfect line.